Shinjuku litterally means “New Lodge” and is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.It is a major commercial and administrative center, housing the busiest train station in the world and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, the administration center for the government of Tokyo.
The ward has an estimated population of 312,418 and a population density of 17,140 people per km² and that number has been rapidly increasing.
Shinjuku is also known as a high-rise shopping and entertainment hub, with well over 500,000 travelers passing through it each day.
The current city of Shinjuku grew out of several separate towns and villages, which have retained some distinctions despite growing together as part of the Tokyo metropolis
Shinjuku is also the location of the metropolitan government of Tokyo
The governor’s office, the metropolitan assembly chamber, and all administrative head offices are located in the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building. Technically, Shinjuku is therefore the prefectural capital of Tokyo; but according to a statement by the governor’s office, “Tokyo” as the administrative unit is usually be considered the capital of Tokyo “Metropolis” for geographical purposes.
Most of Shinjuku is occupied by the Yodobashi Plateau, the most elevated portion of which extends through most of the Shinjuku Station area.
is an immense terminal with a concentration of various rail lines: the JR Chuo, Yamanote, Sobu and Saikyo lines; the Toei Shinjuku and Oedo Subway lines; and private railways such as the Odakyu, Keio and Seibu Shinjuku lines.
The area surrounding Shinjuku Station is a huge business, commercial, and entertainment center located atop the world’s busiest railway station complex. Shinjuku Station sees an estimated 3.64 million passengers pass through each day!
It houses interchanges to three subway lines and three privately owned commuter lines, as well as several JR lines.
A list of railway lines passing through and stations located within Shinjuku includes:
- Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line
- Saikyō Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
- Marunouchi Line
- Yūrakuchō Line
- Tōzai Line
- Fukutoshin Line
- Namboku Line
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
- Toei Shinjuku Line
- Toei Ōedo Line
- Toden Arakawa Line
- Odakyu Electric Railway Odawara Line
- Keio Corporation Keio Line, Keio New Line
- Seibu Railway Seibu Shinjuku Line
Shinjuku can be roughly divided into three areas:
The West Exit area, an office town with a row of high-rise buildings such as the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office Building.
The South Exit area, a newcomer to Shinjuku with complex establishments for shopping and amusement; and the prominent entertainment district around Kabukicho, the red-light district – a town that never sleeps.
In the East Exit area, there are rows of department stores and other large stores, all of which are integrated and linked to Kabukicho.
South of the downtown area around the East Exit is Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden, completed in 1906, it features European gardens designed by a French engineer.
This garden park surrounds you in luscious greenery and exudes serenity, completely secluded from the hustle and bustle of metropolitan Tokyo.
It is renowned as the best site in the city for viewing flowers and wild birds. Shinjuku Gyoen is a very popular spot during the Autumn season.
Shinjuku is surrounded by Chiyoda to the East
Bunkyo and Toshima to the North
Nakano to the West
Shibuya and Minato to the South.
The area East of Shinjuku Station and surrounding Shinjuku-sanchome Station, historically known as Naito-Shinjuku, houses the city hall and the flagship Isetan department store, as well as several smaller areas of interest.
The East side of Shinjuku is devoted to shopping and nightlife, including Tokyo’s largest red-light district Kabukicho and gay nightlife central Shinjuku ni-chome.
The residential areas of Yotsuya and Ichigaya, with their many small restaurants and drinking establishments, lie to the East.
To the North lies Takadanobaba, where students from nearby Waseda University cross paths. Kagurazaka, one of Tokyo’s last remaining hanamachi – geisha districts, is also home to some of the city’s most authentic French and Italian restaurants.
Over 300,000 people call Shinjuku their home, and the city offers a wide variety of options for work or play.
The West side of Shinjuku is home to Tokyo’s largest concentration of skyscrapers. Several of the tallest buildings in Tokyo are located in this area, a seismically stable area that escaped the last earthquake with barely a scratch.
This is the skyscraper district featuring the gargantuan Tokyo Metropolitan Government Offices and the curved form and webbed facade of the Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower and many more.
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Center
The two enormous buildings of this giant hive of bureaucracy are an Orwellian architectural masterpiece designed by noted architect Kenzo Tange.
The main reasons to come here, though, are the twin observatories. At a height of 202m on the 45th floor, they have some of the best views of Tokyo.
Entrance is free.
NTT DoCoMo Building
This gigantic tower resembling a granite Empire State Building, south of the station, is owned by NTT DoCoMo, Japan’s largest cell-phone carrier. The upper part of the building is a mobile communications tower.
Further West is Shin- Okubo, one stop of Shinjuku on Yamanote line, is “Korea Town” or “Little Korea”; has many Korean-owned restaurants and grocery stores.
Takadanobaba, the next stop on the Yamanote Line after Shin-Okubo, is popular with youngsters who choose not to live with their parents, to live outside on their own.
Stay tuned for more!