✞ Salzburg Cathedral / ✟Salzburger Dom✟ !

Good morning everyone!!
Continuing from where we left off in Part 3 last night, Residenzplatz – and that’s where we stayed the night.
Salzburg Cathedral
This is Part 4, a brand new day & a fresh start!!

You’ve gotta ❤ Qatar Airways, for always reliable flights!
The beautifully decorated interior of Salzburg Cathedral
As promised, we’ll visit Salzburg Cathedral AKA Salzburger Dom TODAY!!
The little details found in each and every corner,  never failed to impress us!
Links to Part 1, 2, & 3 – can be found here:
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Salzburg Cathedral
Salzburg Cathedral is probably the city’s most significant piece of church architecture and its ecclesiastical center.
Salzburg’s Cathedral is also known as Salzburger Dom.
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History of Salzburger Dom
With its magnificent facade and mighty dome it represents the most impressive early Baroque edifice north of the Alps. Its origin is closely connected to the ecclesiastical principality’s demeanor and growth. 
 
Destroyed by fire and rebuilt, enlarged and expanded, it bears witness to the power and independence of Salzburg’s archbishops.
“Mom, if you can see this… I’m finally back in church!”
The first cathedral was built on this site by Bishop Virgil who came to Salzburg in 767 and built a cathedral on the site of the former Roman Juvavum. 
On September 24, 774 the cathedral was consecrated to St. Virgil and St. Rupert. 
 
However, the city was set on fire in 1167 by the Counts of Plain, followers of the emperor Friedrick Barbarossa also, thereby destroying the cathedral.
The cathedral was rebuilt ten years later under the rule of Archbishop Conrad III of Wittelsbach and became more beautiful, more magnificent and more impressive than ever, making it the mightiest Romaneque cathedral north of the Alps – its size even surpassing the emperor’s cathedral in Speyer.
 
Unfortunatly 400 years later, another fire raged and destroyed large sections of the cathedral on December 11, 1598. This afforded Archbishop Wolf Dietrich the opportunity to tear down the damaged cathedral and to make plans for its reconstruction. 
The Salzburg residents were extremely outraged at the archbishop’s ruthless actions. Not only were valuable sculptures and gravestones of the archbishops destroyed but the cathedral cemetery plowed under and the bones of the dead dumped on the debris. 
 
His quarrel with Bavaria over salt mining rights led to his arrest and imprisonment in the Hohensalzburg Fortress by his nephew and successor, Markus Sittikus von Hohenems, which put a bitter end to the various construction projects Wolf Dietrich had planned.
After Wolf Dietrich’s death the architect Santino Solari was commissioned by Archbishop Markus Sittikus to rebuild the Cathedral, which became the first early Baroque church north of the Alps. 
 
Markus Sittikus did not live to see the festive consecration of the Cathedral by Archbishop Paris Lodron during the chaos of the Thirty Years’ War on September 25, 1628. 
 
Through Paris Lodron’s clever diplomacy, the heavily fortified city escaped most of the hardships of the Thirty Years’ War so that the consecration of the Cathedral became the largest and most pompous festival that Salzburg ever experienced. 
The centuries of sovereign rule by the Salzburg prince bishops was ended by the Napoleonic Wars. With the dethroning of the last prince bishop, Hieronymus von Colloredo, the first Habsburg, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, brought Salzburg under his rule.
 
In 1944 the dome and part of the chancel were once again destroyed – this time, during a bomb attack. The necessary renovations were carried out and the Cathedral consecrated in its former magnificence in 1959.
The three years found in the gates to the Cathedral are in memory of the three consecrations: “774”, “1628” and “1959”. 
Four statues are located in front of the main façade: the two apostles Peter and Paul with keys and sword.
 
Statues of apostles & patron saints, outside the church
As well as the two patron saints Rupert and Virgil with a salt box and a model of the church.
Salzburg Cathedral is also known as Salzburger Dom
The two escutcheons on the gable ornament refer to the two church builders, Markus Sittikus and Paris Lodron.
The baptism fountain, Mozart was baptized here!
Among the precious objects to be found in Salzburg’s Cathedral are the baptismal font in which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was baptized.
Others include the majestic main organ, surrounded by angels playing instruments and crowned by Rupert and Virgil, as well as the magnificent Cathedral portals made by Scheider-Manzell, Mataré and Manzú.
In his capacity as the court organist and concert master, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed numerous undying works of sacred music for Salzburg.
Cathedral Square is the Cathedral’s courtyard. Archbishop Guidobald Thun had Giovanni Antonio Dario build the Cathedral arches in 1660.
Light the flame of hope
A beautiful Immaculate Column sculpted by Wolfgang and Johann Baptist Hagenauer for Archbishop Sigismund Graf Schrattenbach is located in the center of the square. 
No prizes for guessing where we’re heading next..
 
Part 5 coming right up, stay tuned to find out!! =)
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お願いします!

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hidekiuriel

About Joshua Hideki

Hi! I'm Hideki. You can call me Josh! ʕ•ᴥ•ʔ Welcome!!~ This is a Travel Blog covering Japan, and many other bits & pieces of my personal life. Photography, Blogging, Fashion & Traveling in Style. A travel guide for everyone with these passions. Absorb the mesmerizing atmosphere, take in amazing sights & let the enchanting ambiance take you away as you embrace different cultures & see the world through my eyes - my Eternal Memories. Visit my Blog at: JoshuaHideki.com ! Come discover Japan from the inside with me and also we'll provide you with the best destinations to visit; and that includes the rest of the World too! Please enjoy! Discover Japan & Travel the World with me!! Life is precious, you only have one so live it to the fullest!

10 thoughts on “✞ Salzburg Cathedral / ✟Salzburger Dom✟ !

  1. Ohw, Wonderful pictures +_+
    enjoy your holidays

  2. very nice picture !
    i don’t know why but church always give me creepy feeling
    maybe i watched too much horror movie 😀

    rainxdropz.blogspot.sg

  3. Hi there~
    How’re you doing?
    Pretty Cathedral! Are you enjoying the travel? Or is a past one?
    Regards~

  4. […] 4: Salzburg Cathedral […]

  5. […] 4: Salzburg Cathedral […]

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